Antique COLT M1860 ARMY RICHARDS Conversion .44 Caliber Centerfire REVOLVER
SCARCE 1 of 9,000 Converted!
Here we present an antique Colt Model 1860 Army Richards Conversion Revolver, manufactured in 1871 and converted sometime between 1871-78. Charles B. Richards was an engineer who worked for the Colt’s Patent Fire Arms Company and was awarded a patent for converting Colt percussion models to breech loading cartridge revolvers. After the onset of the American Civil War, Richards eventually became Superintendent of Engineering at the Colt factory in Hartford, Connecticut. Richards’ first major post-Civil War design was Colt’s second attempt at metallic cartridge conversion known as the “Richards Conversion”.
Colt’s revolvers to this point had been black powder percussion pistols. However, the US Army wanted a revolver that held metallic cartridges, which Colt could not produce because the Rollin White patent was still held by rival Smith & Wesson. Colt’s only solution would be to bore through the rear of their cylinders and devise a new method of ignition and case extraction. The Richards Conversion was performed on the Colt 1860 Army revolver. The caliber was .44 Colt and the loading lever was replaced by an ejector rod. This conversion added a breechplate with a firing pin and a rear sight mounted on the breechplate. Colt manufactured 9,000 of these revolvers between 1873 and 1878. In 1873 Colt performed the same conversion on the M1851 and M1861 revolvers for the US Navy in .38 rimfire. The Richards conversion was an instant success, all being done concurrently with the iconic Colt Single Action Army, which Richards was responsible for the development of!
The 1860 Army was the single most used pistol of the American Civil War. Over 200,000 were made from 1860 to 1873, and 156,000 of those were made by the end of the war in 1865.
The overall condition is good. The action functions, although the cylinder does not index properly (it will revolve but just shy of the next chamber). The bore is in good condition with nice rifling. The numbers match. The grips are in good condition. Here is a chance to own a Colt 1860 Richards Conversion!
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 5-3/4 inches.
Caliber: .44 Colt (Centerfire)
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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