CIVIL WAR 2nd Model MAYNARD 1863 Cavalry Carbine
.50 Caliber Percussion Saddle Ring Carbine
Here we present an antique Maynard Second Model 1863 Cavalry percussion carbine, made by Massachusetts Arms Co. in Chicopee, Massachusetts, circa 1863. The 2nd Model Maynard carbine is widely regarded as one of the best performing and most accurate of all the cavalry arms used during the Civil War. The well favored, metallic cartridge breech loading carbine was the invention of New Jersey doctor Edward Maynard, who patented his 1st model carbine in 1851. Between 1863 and 1865, the US Ordnance Department contracted for over 20,000 2nd model carbines. Issued mostly to the Federal cavalry, the Maynard proved a lightweight, dependable carbine that saw extensive service in the field.
This Civil War carbine was a streamlined and simplified version of the first model, which was equipped with the Maynard Tape Priming System. Some of the first model was purchased in the South prior to the war. An interesting story regarding the Maynard is recorded in Benjamin Botkin’s A Civil War Treasury of Tales, Legends & Folklore, said to be the quote of Private Toby of the 1st Regiment of the Mississippi Army. The tall tale comes from The Intelligencer of Oxford, Mississippi, and at the end, Toby tells his mates “It’s a right big story, boys, but it’s true, sure as shooting. Nothing to do with Maynard rifle but to load her up, turn her North, and pull trigger. If twenty of them don’t clean out all Yankeedom, then I’m a liar, that’s all.”
This example represents a fairly early production of the second model and used by various Union cavalry. Known significant issue and use occurred in the 9th & 11th Indiana, as well as the 11th Tennessee. It was generally well-liked, owing to its light weight, handling and simplicity. The lever simply tips the barrel down so that the breech is exposed for loading and unloading. Compared to a percussion muzzle-loader, it was much faster to put fire down range. The left side of the frame is marked “EDWARD MAYNARD/PATENTEE/MAY 27, 1851/DEC. 6, 1859”. The right side is marked “MANUFACTURED BY/MASS. ARMS CO./CHICOPEE FALLS”. The Ordnance sub-inspection mark “G.W.S.” is stamped on the left side of the barrel. The left side of the stock wrist is stamped with two good cartouches.
The overall condition is very good. 10% of the blue finish remains with a gray patina throughout. The markings are clear. The walnut stock is in good shape, showing the kind of wear that is expected from a 150+ year old cavalry carbine. The bore is bright with good rifling. The action is excellent, strong and crisp.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 20 inches.
Caliber: .50 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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