CIVIL WAR Antique AUSTRIAN Lorenz Model 1854 PERCUSSION Rifle MUSKET
Imported to Both North & South for American Civil War
Here we present an antique Lorenz Model 1854 Rifle Musket, made circa 1861 in Austria. The Lorenz rifle was designed by Austrian lieutenant Joseph Lorenz. It was first approved for manufacture in 1854, and was Austria’s first all-new infantry firearm in decades. The demand for the rifles was much greater than what the Austrian state arsenals could produce, so much of the production was done by private manufacturers. Many of these manufacturers did not have the skill and precision required to make what was then a very modern and sophisticated rifle design, and as a result, the quality of Lorenz rifles varied quite a bit. The bore diameters also varied quite a bit due to insufficient control of allowable tolerances. This often left too much of a gap between the bullet and the barrel, resulting in poor performance.
The Lorenz rifle was a percussion-type muzzleloader, and as such was similar in design to the British Pattern 1853 Enfield and the American Springfield Model 1861 rifle-muskets. It had a 37.5 inch barrel which was held into place by three barrel bands. The barrel was .54 caliber, which was slightly smaller than the .577 used by the Enfield and the .58 standardized in later Springfields. This example has been bored out to .63 sometime over the years. It was the third most widely used rifle during the American Civil War. The Union recorded purchases of 226,924 and the Confederacy bought as many as 100,000. Confederate-bought Lorenz rifles saw heavy use in the Army of Tennessee in 1863-64.
The overall condition is fair. The action is strong, but the nipple is broken. The bore is in good shape. The stock has seen a few repairs to a large crack at the breech and wrist. The crack is stable. “H. STANSBURY 8. 1st 03” is hand carved into the bottom of the forearm. The lock is dated “861”.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 37-1/2 inches.
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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