CIVIL WAR Richardson & Overman GALLAGER Carbine
Early Breach Loader Used in The Civil War
Here we present an antique Civil War Richardson & Overman Gallager Patent Percussion Carbine manufactured in the early 1860s. This carbine was invented by South Carolina native Mahlon Gallager, who licensed the design to Richardson and Overman of Philadelphia for production. On August 31, 1861, the first Gallager was sold to the U.S. Army. 22,728 Gallager carbines were purchased during the Civil War and saw extensive use as a cavalry arm with the Union troops. Both percussion and metallic cartridge versions of the Gallager carbine were manufactured, but extraction problems with both cartridge types made this rifle somewhat unpopular with the troops that used it. This carbine fired an unprimed .50 caliber cartridge with a brass foil and paper-wrapped case. Ignition was provided by the percussion cap. A major fault of these carbines was the absence of a suitable extractor. The case had to be extracted with a knife or some other sharp tool. When the trigger guard lever is lowered, the barrel slides out from the frame and tips downward to receive the cartridge.
Known users of these carbines were the Confederate 11 VA, as well as the Union: 2 AR, 13 IL, 3 & 9 IN, 4 & 7 IA, 9 KS, 8 & 15 KY, 4 MO, 1 NY, 9 & 10 OH, 20 & 21 PA, 1 2 8 & 9 TN.
The overall condition is good. The surfaces of the iron parts show wear and weather with a dark brown patina. The markings are somewhat legible. The walnut stock, too, shows much use and exposure to the elements. The bore is strong, bright with sharp rifling. The action is strong, however, the trigger return spring is impaired requiring the trigger to be pushed forward.
Own the original! This is a legitimate antique and not a reproduction.
Barrel is 22 ¼ inches.
Caliber: .50 Percussion
Overall condition as seen in photos.
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